Not all respondents use a multiplicative utility function in choice experiments for health state valuations, which should be reflected in the elicitation format (or statistical analysis)

Abstract Discrete choice experiments (DCEs) that include health states and duration are becoming a common method for estimating quality-adjusted life year (QALY) tariffs. These DCEs need to be analyzed under the assumption that respondents treat health and duration multiplicatively. However, in the most commonly used DCE duration format there is no guarantee that respondents actually do so; in fact, respondents can easily simplify the choice tasks by considering health and duration separately. This would result in valid DCE responses but preclude subsequent QALY tariff calculations. Using a Bayesian latent class model and data from two existing valuation studies, our analyses confirm tha...

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